Scale Tone Chords (Advanced)









As I mentioned on the topic about Piano Chords, the SCALE TONE CHORDS are derived from the diatonic major scale and are made up of the root, third and the fifth note of the scale. The advanced version of these chords has an additional note which is the seventh. So we have the root, third, fifth and the seventh note of the major scale.

Here is the advanced version of the Scale Tone Chords with their chord inversions. Transpose and practice these in twelve keys. Master these chords for automatic facility.



CHORD SYMBOLS AND THEIR MEANING

SYMBOL MEANING
Cmaj7 C major seventh
C7 C dominant
Cm7 C minor seventh
Cm7b5 C half-diminished
Cdim7 C diminished seventh



Apply them to some of your favorite songs (especially jazz standards). You can use song books, fake books, real books and music sheets which are readily available at your local music stores or online. These piano chords are usually used in pop and jazz music but you will also find them in some arrangement of hymns and the works of modern composers like Debussy, Ravel, Gershwin and even Rachmaninoff.

From the scale tone chords, we can derive the FIVE QUALITIES OF CHORDS (chords which are often used in jazz harmony). Here are the FIVE QUALITIES OF CHORDS in the key of C with their inversions:

Five Qualities of Chords / Inversions

As you practice these FIVE QUALITIES OF CHORDS, you will notice that your fingers are moving on the same pattern:

* From CM7, you are moving your small finger to b7 to make a dominant chord
* From C7, you are moving your index finger to make a Cm7 chord
* From Cm7, you are moving your middle finger to make a Cm7b5 chord
* From Cm7b5, you are again moving your small finger to make a C dim7 chord

So, if you want to transpose everything to another key, let's say on the key of Db, Play DbM7, Db7, Dbm7, Dbm7b5, Dbdim7...etc...

Chord Qualities in All Keys














FIVE QUALITIES IN ARPEGGIOS

Here are the FIVE QUALITIES OF CHORDS in arpeggios on the key of C. To practice, play the arpeggios (ascending and descending) on your right hand and the corresponding chord on your left. Transpose and learn them in 12 keys. They must be mastered and played with automatic fascility and correct fingering.

Five Qualities-Key of C-Arpeggios

Use the following piano fingering:

KEY
C 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
D 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
E 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
F 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
G 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
A 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
B 5 qualities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
Db 5 qualities 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Ab 5 qualities 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Bb M7,dominant 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Bb A#m7,m7b5,dim7 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3
Gb M7,dominant 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2
Gb F#m7,m7b5,dim7 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Eb M7,dominant 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Eb m7 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5
Eb D#m7b5,dim7 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3





FIVE QUALITIES - SCALE

Here are the FIVE QUALITIES OF CHORDS and their corresponding scale. Play the chord on your left hand while playing at least two octaves of the scale on your right hand. Transpose and practice these in twelve keys aim for automatic fascility.





These lessons were taken from THE JAZZ IMPROVISATION SERIES (books) by JOHN MEHEGAN. The scale tone chords from TONAL AND RHYTHMIC PRINCIPLES and the arpeggio exercises from SWING AND EARLY PROGRESSIVE PIANO STYLE.



How to Apply Scale Tone Chords in Hymns, Jazz Standards, Pop Songs or any other Songs









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